Leather Care and Information
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As a natural product, leather’s beautiful look and luxurious feel give it year round comfort and appeal.  Its unique ability to breathe also makes it ideal in any situation.

The hallmark of genuine leather is its natural markings – nature’s signature.  Because of its organic properties, there is no one hide the same.  From horn wounds, warts, Insect bites, fat folds, healed scars and barb wire scratches, to thickness and grain variations, these markings make your piece unique. They all belong to a list of naturally occurring markings on hides that have been harvested from animals living on the land. As these marks have healed on the animal they do not affect the durability of the leather, but rather enhance the individuality of each hide. The lounges that you see on display may contain all or none of the above markings and are not a definitive indication of the markings on the suite you will receive.

Grain wrinkles and stretch marks are also typical characteristics of leather – the result of age, movement and comfortable wear.  Stretching leather will be more evident on seats with regular seating which is normal and further stamps its authenticity as a natural product.

Without doubt leather is the most luxurious and practical covering for upholstered furniture.  Enjoy living with leather as, over time, it will adapt itself to your lifestyle and give you a truly personalised feel. Today’s modern tanneries apply complex coatings onto the leathers to increase their stain and wear resistance.  The concept of good leather care for your furniture is to maintain these coatings for as long as possible.  When allowed to build up, grime, dust, body oils and food stains act to breakdown the tannery coatings which accelerate the deterioration of the leather.  Regular gentle vacuuming, cleaning and conditioning when required will ensure that you enjoy your leather furniture for years to come.

THINGS TO AVOID WITH LEATHER

PETS: Animals transfer hair and body oils to leather and break down the protective coatings. Animal claws can also scratch your furniture damaging these coatings and compromising the leather surface.  Always ensure that your pets have no direct body contact with your leather surface.

BELT AND SANDLE BUCKLES: These can cut and scar the leather when children play on leather furniture.

JEANS: Indigo staining is possible to light colour leathers.  Metal studs can damage the leather surface.

HEAT AND DIRECT SUNLIGHT: These will dry out and crack the leather.  Avoid long periods of exposure and check for the need to condition more often.

HAIR CREAMS OR GELS:  These should be removed promptly to avoid surface coat break down.

BALLPOINT PEN: Repeated trials show that very few ballpoint pens will penetrate the conditioner and protector.  The ink penetration and light fastness will vary depending on whether the ink is solvent or water based.  Rather than using chemicals (that will remove the top-coat which could accelerate re-soiling in that area for the life of the suite), that which is not removed with the cleaner should just be left alone.  Any remaining ink, not marker pen however, may fade away almost completely within 2-3 months.  Professional cleaning advice is recommended. 

BODY OILS: Accumulated dirt, perspiration and body oils will dull the colours and cause accelerated wear in all types of covers.  As mentioned previously, when allowed to build up they act to breakdown the tannery coatings which accelerate the deterioration of the leather.

WET CLOTHING:  Clothing and food dyes from wet clothing can transfer onto leather and need to be removed as soon as possible.  Salt and chlorine from pools may break down top surfaces causing accelerated deterioration and wear of your leather furniture.

MOULD

In areas of high rainfall and humidity it is possible that mould can grow on the surface of leathers.  Most leather care products contain a proven mould inhibitor.  Using these products at suggested intervals should prevent mould growing on your leather furniture.  Magic stocks a full range of leather care products in store.

PLEASE NOTE:  Once every five years, or earlier if necessary, professional cleaning is recommended.

REPAIR

If the leather on the furniture becomes irreparably damaged, consult with a professional leather repairer or upholstery service who can arrange repair of small scratches, cuts, burns etc. 

WHAT NOT TO USE ON LEATHER 

There are many chemicals that could cause permanent damage to the finishes on leathers.  For example, many leather suites have a pot plant beside them.  Chemicals in leaf foods, if spilt or over sprayed onto the leather, can be disastrous to pigments and top coat. 

Spraying a spider or fly whilst it is on the leather suite can also be damaging.  The chemicals in some sprays can undo the binders in the pigments.  The damage inflicted is not seen until the next time the furniture is cleaned.  In this instance colour may come off prompting you to think that the leather may be faulty or the cleaner may have caused the damage, when in fact it was the previous use of a fly spray which was the culprit.  Also be aware of newspaper ink, carbon papers, varnishes, solvents, dyes, felt pens, hair products, perspiration and body oil build up. 

LEATHER CATEGORIES

 FULL/PURE ANILINE:  Leather that has been drum dyed without pigment applied to the surface.  A light protective coating is sometimes added to enhance appearance and offer some protection against wear and soiling.  It will exhibit all natural features such as scars, growth marks, fat wrinkles and brands.

  • The most natural leather exhibiting all natural markings and colour variations within the hide and from hide to hide.
  • Will breathe and be warm in winter and cooler in summer.
  • Softer to handle.
  • Lower light fastness and if not protected will potentially fade more quickly than more highly processed leathers.
  • Susceptible to soiling if used in high traffic areas.

SUITABLE FOR FORMAL LIVING AREAS.  REQUIRES REGULAR CARE!


PULL UP ANILINE:  Drum dyed aniline leather with a top coat of oil and wax effects designed to exhibit a “distressed look”.

  • Will breathe and be warm in winter and cooler in summer.
  • Lightens in colour when stretched to produce a distressed effect particularly in seating areas.
  • Wax oil effects can be evened out in appearance by hand rubbing the surface.

SUITABLE FOR FORMAL LIVING AREAS.  REQUIRES REGULAR CARE!


SEMI ANILINE:  Drum dyed leather, incorporating a small amount of pigment and protective finish so as not to conceal the natural characteristics of the hide.  High light fastness.

  • Soft but not as soft as Pure Aniline.
  • Durable.
  • Retains natural grain appearance.
  • Easy to clean.

SUITABLE FOR FORMAL, FAMILY AND DINING AREAS.  REQUIRES REGULAR CARE!


NUBUCK:  (Leather suede) Drum dyed aniline leather where the surface grain has been buffed to give a fine suede-like nap.  Nubuck requires a clear protective coating to provide liquid repellency.  Suede-like finish.

  • Requires specific care products.

SUITABLE FOR FORMAL LIVING AREAS.  REQUIRES REGULAR CARE WITH NUBUCK SPECIFIC CARE PRODUCT!


PIGMENTED:  Drum dyed with a thicker layer of pigment and protective finish applied to create an even colour and texture.  Higher light fastness.

  • More durable.
  • Easier to clean.
  • Easier to care for.
  • Surface covered with pigment.
  • Not as soft as Pure Aniline or Semi Aniline.
  • No natural appearance or characteristics.

SUITABLE FOR FORMAL, FAMILY AND DINING AREAS.  REQUIRES REGULAR CARE!


CORRECTED GRAIN:  Drum dyed with the natural grain removed, a layer of pigment or protective finish is applied.  The leather is then embossed with an artificial grain to provide a uniform appearance. Higher light fastness.

  • More durable.
  • Easier to clean.
  • Easier to care for.
  • Surface covered with pigment.
  • Not as soft as Pure Aniline or Semi Aniline.
  • Grain pattern is stamped onto the surface leaving no natural appearance or characteristics.

SUITABLE FOR FORMAL, FAMILY AND DINING AREAS.  REQUIRES REGULAR CARE!


“Leather categories” descriptions courtesy of furntech A.F.R.D.I

MAGIC STOCKS A FULL RANGE OF LEATHER CARE PRODUCTS IN STORE AND CAN ARRANGE PROFESSIONAL LEATHER PROTECTION SERVICE IN HOUSE.

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